GREDEG is a research center in economics, law, and management jointly operated by the CNRS (National Centre for Scientific Research) and the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis. GREDEG hosts researchers from CNRS and INRA and faculty members from SKEMA Business School and the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis. It has nearly 115 permanent members as well as 115 PhD students and postdoctoral researchers. An important characteristic of the laboratory is to favor multidisciplinary approaches. Specifically, GREDEG's scientific activities combine economic, legal and managerial perspectives around a central theme dedicated to innovation and knowledge. This multidisciplinary approach in the social sciences is manifested by the fact that GREDEG is one of the founders Maison des Sciences de l’Homme et de la Société Sud-Est.

Further, as part of the recently established IDEX UCAJEDI (Joint, Excellent and Dynamic Initiative) led by Université Côte d'Azur, GREDEG members are encouraged to cooperate in their research activities with, for example, biologists, physicists, mathematicians and researchers in computer science.

GREDEG is also a partner of the Ecoles Universitaires de Recherche (EUR) Digital Systems for Humans (DS4H), Economics, Law and Management of Innovation (ELMI), Lex@société, Créativités, Représentations, Écritures, Arts, Temporalités, Écosystèmes et Sociétés (CREATES).


Around the central theme of innovation and knowledge, research is dedicated to industrial dynamics, the determinants of innovation in firms and science, the competitiveness of firms and territories, market regulation policies, the sources of law, learning and innovation within organizations, innovation ecosystems, behavioral economics and the analysis of social interactions. Another important part of our research is devoted to the history of contemporary economic thought and methodology in social sciences, including in particular the methodology of economic law. Beyond academic research, GREDEG is engaged in active policy assessment and evaluation through numerous interactions with private and public sector actors.



Our research is organized in seven structural projects:

Complexity and Dynamics of Interactions, Networks and Markets
Eco-Innovation System and Learning
Governance, Firms and Innovation
Heterogeneity, Competitiveness and Growth
History of Thought and Philosophy of Social Sciences
Sources and Methodology of Economic Law
Strategy and Market Regulation



Research at GREDEG is cited in the Annual Report of CNRS, in the Lettre de l’InSHS, as well as in the London School of Economics Blog. Several researchers hold responsibilities in academic journals, as members of the editorial board or the scientific committee (Cahiers d’Economie Politique, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Economia Politica, Information Economics and Policy, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Journal of History of Economic Thought, History of Economic Ideas, Journal of Post-keynesian Economics, OEconomia, Revue d’économie industrielle, Revue Internationale de Droit Économique, Small Business Economics Journal...). The Revue d’Economie Industielle is managed by GREDEG and published with the assistance of the CNRS and the University of Nice. GREDEG members lead or have led several international networks: AFREN (Association Francophone d’Economie Numérique), AIDE (Association Internationale de Droit Economique), EAEPE (European Association for Evolutionary Political Economy), EUROLICS (European Network for the Economics of Learning, Innovation and Competence Building Systems); EARIE (European Association for Research in Industrial Economics), ENEF (European Network on the Economics of the Firm), EUNIP (European Network on Industrial Policy), Eurkind (European Network on Knowledge dynamics, Industry evolution, and Economic Development), ESHET-JSHET (European, Japanese Society for the History of Economic Thought), ISS (International Schumpeter Society). Each year, GREDEG organizes leading international conferences (for example, 9th ASFEE International Conference in June 2018, 30th EAEPE Conference in September 2018). It is at the origins of the Thematic School KID, an annual academic event taking place since 2012.

Over the last ten years, GREDEG regularly won research grants from the European Commission (FP7, H2020), the ANR (JCJC, Blanc, ORA+), and more recently from NBER - Sloan Foundation.

GREDEG also interacts with civil society through participation in conferences (e.g. Cycle of Conferences on Innovation, Institutions and the Economy as part of the 2015 World Expo in Milan, World Conference on Intellectual Capital for Communities organized by UNESCO in 2016, United Nations STI Forum in New York in 2017, Innovative City in 2018). Several of its members are consulted by media (for example: The Conversation, France Culture, France Inter, Mediapart, Nice Matin, L'Usine Nouvelle).



More than 70% of our papers are published in journals ranked A by the HCERES or 1 and 2 by the CNRS in Economics and Management. Amongst Rank 1 journals, GREDEG has published contributions in Ecological Economics, Economic Geography, Economic Journal, European Economic Review, European Management Review, Games and Economic Behavior, History of Political Economy, Industrial and Corporate Change, International Journal of Industrial Organization, Journal of Business Venturing, Journal of Economic Geography, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Journal of Product Innovation Management, Organization Science, Organization Studies, Research Policy, Social Choice and Welfare, Strategic Management Journal, The Energy Journal, The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, The Journal of Industrial Economics, World Development.



GREDEG is attached to the DESPEG doctoral school (Law and Political, Economic and Management Sciences) of the University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.

Directeur of GREDEG: